2020 proved to be one of the worst years in recent history, with the outbreak of the global COVID-19 pandemic and its devastating effects. The health and economic impact on individuals and communities worldwide has been catastrophic. So, the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) published by Transparency International, shows of the state of corruption worldwide. The CPI aggregates data from a number of different sources that provide perceptions among business-people and country experts of the level of corruption in the public sector.
In 2020, the most countries have made little to no progress in tackling corruption in nearly a decade, however, more than two-thirds of countries score below 50. The analysis shows corruption not only undermines the global health response to COVID-19, but contributes to a continuing crisis of democracy. In 2020, more than 90 million people were infected, and nearly 2 million people lost their lives around the world. COVID-19 is not just a health and economic crisis, but a corruption crisis as well, with countless lives lost due to the insidious effects of corruption across the globe.
The index, encompass 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption according to experts and business people, and uses a scale of zero to 100, where zero is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean. Like previous years, more than two-thirds of countries score below 50 on this year’s CPI, with an average score of just 43. The data shows that despite some progress, most countries still fail to tackle corruption effectively. In addition to earning poor scores, nearly half of all countries have been stagnant on the CPI for almost a decade. These countries have failed to improve their score and combat public sector corruption.
For example, Spain’s score (62/100) in the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2020 has remained at the same level as last year (CPI 2019). However, Spain worsens its position in the world ranking by two points (32/180). This indicates a maintenance in the improvement score obtained in 2019, when it rose from 58/100 points (obtained in the 2018 IPC) to 62/100, but without maintaining its same position in the ranking, falling from 30/180 to 32 / 180. With this result, Spain is one notch above Portugal and South Korea (which this year are in 33rd position, with a score of 61/180), and one step below the Bahamas and Qatar, which in the 2020 CPI They have obtained a score of 63 and are in position 30/180.
Since 2012, 26 countries improved their CPI scores, including Greece, Myanmar and Ecuador. In the same period, 22 countries decreased their scores, including Lebanon, Malawi and Bosnia & Herzegovina. The top countries on the CPI are Denmark and New Zealand, with scores of 88, followed by Finland, Singapore, Sweden and Switzerland, with scores of 85 each. On the contrary, the countries with the worst score are South
Sudan and Somalia, with scores of 12 each, followed by Syria (14), Yemen (15) and unfortunately my country Venezuela (15). You can get the full report at http://www.transparency.org.
To finish, and in a more personal opinion, I consider that transparency and compliance should be part of the DNA of companies, since together with training as a preventive element, reporting channels, audits, investigations and periodic controls, it is which will allow identifying bad practices, and applying the laws that are necessary in case of detecting any irregularity. Similarly, the professionalization of public administration officials is essential, likewise to promote respect for the public heritage, and continue working in a legal framework related to the fight against corruption and different international agreements that guarantee on citizens’ education, social awareness and values training.
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